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AUSTRIA


Front view: Officer of German Grenadiers, c. 1809
(Courtesy of the Vienna War Museum)

Background

The Cavalry

The Artillery

Organisation & Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards


Rear view: Officer of German Grenadiers, c. 1809
(Courtesy of the Vienna War Museum)

The Infantry - Uniforms

The 1806 Uniform (Cont'd)

The 1811 officer's regulations described the white coatee as having white turnbacks, but several sources (including Ottenfeld & Teuber and some contemporary ones) indicate that coloured turnbacks were worn by some, either by individual or regimental practice. The 1811 regulations noted that the collar should not exceed 10cm deep nor the cuffs 7.5cm; for field officers, cuff lace was to be 2cm wide. Hungarian breeches were to have 15mm metallic lace down the side and as thigh knots, with 2.5cm lace for field officers; grey breeches were to be reserved for active service and not worn on parade, and some sem to have worn grey cavalry overalls on campaign. Officer's gloves were yellow leather, with gauntlet cuffs between 4 and 5cm broad; the cane was dropped from general use by ranksfrom Oberst downwards. The sash was unchanged; it was worn over the left shoulder by adjudants. From April 1810 only field officers were permitted to wear steel spurs.

By the 1811 regulations metal scabbards were prohibited; the Degen or of German infantry had a blade length between 72.5cm and 80cm, 2.5cm wide, with brown leather scabbard. Until this date no close specifications for sabres had been given; Hungarians, grenadier, Jager and Grenz officers had carried Hussar-style sabres of their choice, but from 1811 some standardisation was introduced, though considerable latitude was still permitted. Officers were allowed to choose between plain gilded brass hilts and scabbard fittings (preferred by grenadiers and Jagers, or more ornate ones (carried by Hungarians and Grenzers); the blade was to be 67.5cm or 70cm long and 4cm wide, with black leather scabbard. The previous sword belts remained in use (white leather, or gold with four black stripes 4.5cm wide, upon 7.5cm red leather backing, with eagle plate for officers); sword knots were gold with black stripes and gold tassels.


1806 -1815

A.) Prima Plana sabre, late 18th century__like ordinary grenadier weapon but of finer and more decorative work; slightly curved blade 69cm x 3.5cm; gilded brass hilt, lion head pommel, leather-covered grip.
B.) 1809 Grenadier sabre hilt__iron, leather-covered grip; 65cm x 3.7cm.
C.) 1784-98 fusilier sabre hilt__brass, leather-covered grip; 52cm x 3.5cm. Both it and B.) above had slightly curved blades, and leather scabbards with metal throats and chapes, the leather partly covereing the latter.
D.) 1811 officer's Epee.
E.) 1798 officer's Epee__both types had gilded hilts, lockets and chapes, brown leather scabbards, and leather grips bound with gold or silver wire.
F.) Grenadier and Jager officer's plain pattern of sabre, 1811__brass or gilded hilt, locket and chape, leather -covered grip.
G.) Ornate sabre carried at discretion by Hungarian and Grenz officers__same materials as F.) above.


Other Orders of Dress

Undress uniform consisted of a sleeved, single-breasted white cloth waistcoat with ten buttons, or a similar but shorter and sleeveless garnment apparently adopted around 1808-09; both could be worn underneath the jacket. German regiments wore their white breeches with the white stockings normally concealed by the black gaiters; Hungarians wore their infantry pantaloons. Undress caps were issued regimentally, so many varieties probably existed. The general German type appears to have been a round, white cloth cap with a semi-circular turned-up front, though facing-coloured piping may have been used, and possibly a facing -coloured grenade badge by grenadiers. Hungarians appear to have worn a blue cloth 'stocking cap'. Among regimental variations, the 3rd Regt. wore sky blue (facing-coloured) caps with a 'bag' ending in a white tassel; while in 1801 the officers of the 50th designed for themselves a gold-trimmed red cap with an edging of black and gold.

he single breasted greatcoat was made of greyish-brown cloth, some contemporary pictures indicating the colour more brown than grey. With wide skirts and deep, turned-up cuffs, it fastened with six buttons on the breast and had a shoulder strap on the left, piped in the facing colour (some sources show two straps). Its standing colar was either piped in the facing colour and fastened with two small buttons, or bore a facing-coloured patch with a button on each side. Some NCOs appear to have worn shorter-skirted coats resembling officer's Oberrocks. Grenadiers wore a facing-coloured grenade on the collar in addition to the patch.