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AUSTRIA

Background

The Cavalry

The Artillery

Organisation & Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards

The Infantry - Uniforms

The 1806 Uniform (Cont'd)

Drummers and Musicians

Theoretically, each regiment had 42 drummers and musicians. Drummers wore the ordinary uniform with standard distinctions of facing -coloured 'swallow's nest' wings on the shoulders, edged with scalloped white lace and bearing a white rosette in the centre.* Similar lace was borne upon the the cuffs and collar, though many illustrations (such as the example at left) show the lace restricted to the wings, and sometimes to the wings and cuffs only. Equipment included a leather apron on the right thigh, a sabre, and a knapsack on a shoulder belt in pre-1798 style.

Note: *See illustration top left.

Drum hoops are normally depicted with black and yellow diagonal stripes.** Regimental variations more splendid than the regulation, appear to have been most prevalent during the 1814-15 period; but even earlier, despite stringent efforts to enforce regulation dress, variations existed. Most surprisingly because their Inhaber was Archduke Charles, the strictest enforcer of regulations) the drummers of the 3rd regiment had lace on the jacket breast, one version showing not only tassel-ended loops of sky blue and white, but also the 1798 helmet with a sky-blue-over-white crest. Drum majors wore a laced baldric.

An early practice caused musicians to wear the livery of the Inhaber; later they usually wore white, or even blue or red coats with regimental facings and white or yellow lace, and laced breeches; the 1798 helmet might have a red crest and large feather plume. Shakos were introduced c.1812, with a degree of decoration depending upon the liberty of the Inhaber or officers who paid for them. Several examples are shown by artists sketching the allied armies in Paris in 1814-15; though these illustrations are frequently innacurate in detail, they do show large plumes and shako cords, epaulettes (otherwise virtually unknown in Austrian service) , and one (shown by Genty) in a in a double-breasted blue coatee faced crimson, silver and crimson epaulettes, silver shako cords and a crimson feather panache. Bandmasters usually wore officers'-pattern coats; musicians usually carried grenadier sabres, and some regiments (e.g. the 30th and 50th) had musicians dressed in Turkish costume.

Note: **See illustration middle left.


1806 -1815

Note the evolution of the shako from 1806 to 1815 above.


Pioneers

Pioneers*** wore ordinary uniform, with the addition of an apron of natural leather and a red crossed axes device on the left upper arm; they were equipped with felling axe with leather case and belt.

Note: **See illustration bottom left.