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AUSTRIA

Background

The Cavalry

The Artillery

Organisation & Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards

The Infantry - Uniforms

Vienna Volunteers

In 1796 a battalion of Wiener Freiwillige (Vienna Volunteers) of six companies of 190 men served in Italy under Major Carl von Kovesdi. Uniform consisted of a Korsehut with gold-edged brim, and black and yellow feather; green coat, waistcoat and breeches; black collar, cuffs, lining and lapels; yellow buttons; hussar boots, white leatherwork, calfskin knapsack; sabre, musket and bayonette or Crespi breech loader.

Volunteers were formed in Vienna to oppose the advance of the French in 1797; they received their colours on the 17th of April, and left the city amid emotional scenes. Their ardour cooled quickly (one battalion marched two miles and then went home for the night!) and it is fortunate that they never faced the French in battle. The corps included:

Lower Austrian State Corps Three companies formed from aristocracy and bureaucracy; commandant, Oberstleutnant Freiherr Anton von Kolbl. Korsehut with red/white/red feathe; pike grey coat, red folding collar, cuffs, lapels and turnbacks, white buttons; silver epaulettes on both shoulders. Light blue-grey waistcoat and Hungarian breeches; sabre and Crespi breech loader.

Arts Academy Corps Two companies; commandant, Jakob Schnutza. Bicorn with black feather; pike grey coat; green collar patch, shoulder straps, cuffs, turnbacks, breeches; black waistcoat, yellow buttons, high boots; grenadier sabre on black leather belt, white leather cartridge box belt.

University Brigade *See illustration in left margin

Mwerchant's Corps Four companies of merchants, two of gold and silver smiths; commandant, Hauptmann Graf Rotta. Uniform similar to the University Brigade above, but more bluish in shade, armed with carbines.

Vienna Suburban Corps Seven legions each of two or three battalions (66 companies), and a Jager corps. Hat with cockade, plain long grey coat, white or horn buttons and natural leatherwork; but actually poorly equipped and not properly uniformed. Jagers carried carbines, but of the remainder scarcely half had muskets, the others only pikes and halberds. A contemporary sketch (possibly by Mansfeld) entitled 'Burgerliches Scharfscutzen Corps in Wien' may show Jager uniform: green faced with scarlet, pale yellow breeches, black belts and half boots, black hat with gold binding, brass buttons, black and yellow plume.



1.) Landwher, 1809
2.) Jager, 1809