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AUSTRIA


Illustration of the early 1798 ex-Anhalt-Zerbst Dragoons converted to Cuirassiers. Note the trooper still wears the yellow coat and breeches with the light blue facings of the pre-1798 Dragoon regiment.

Background

The Infantry

The Artillery

Organisation & Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards


Light Dragoon, 1798 - 1801, or green-clad Chevauxleger after that date. Of particular note is the picket stake straped to the right of the saddle, by the carbine.
(Print published by: Tranquillo Mollo)


Light Dragoon 1798-1801, or a Chevauxleger of a green uniformed regiment between 1801 and the removal of the 'queue' in 1805.
(Print published by: Tranquillo Mollo)

The Cavalry

The 1798 Uniform: Cuirassiers (Cont'd)

Officers wore the helmet with distingtions similar to infantry officers, including gilt plate and silk crest; the hat (worn in undress) and stock were likewise similar. Their uniform was as that of the rank and file, with tails slightly longer, the cuffs 7.5cm deep, and the buttons flat and undercoated. Their tail-less waistcoat was straw coloured, with a 2.5cm standing collar. Like the infantry, officers could wear a frock coat or Oberrock (extending to within 20cm of the ankle), it had side pockets and buttons as on the coat, set 6.5cm apart. Some use was made of velvet-like material or corduroy for these garments.

White breeches like those of the menwere worn, or white leather for parade, similar boots, with spurs with 3.5cm necks. Light 'mixed-grey' cloth service overalls with, with facing-coloured stripe and black leather reinforcing; white Roquelor with buttons as on the coat; and 'yellow' leather gloves with gauntlet cuffs.

Despite existing uniform regulations, many varieties existed and are apparent from contemporary pictures, complicated by the sometimes considerable delay between issue and implementation of new regulations. The new 12th Cuirassiers, for example, are recorded as presenting a very mixed appearance in the early stages, before the issue of the 1798 uniform, each of their component parts being uniformed differently. THe ex-Carabiniers wore white uniforms with hats laced silver (ex-Emperor's regiment) or gold (ex-Saschen-[Albert]-Carabiniers); the ex-Royal-Allemand Dragoons wore cocked hats or French bearskin caps, dark blue coats faced cherry red with white lace; and the ex-Anhalt-Zerbst Dragoons had bicorns, yellow coat and breeches with light blue collars, turnbacks and lapels. Regimental practice, the personal taste of individual officers, shortage of equipment and the wear and tear of active service caused other variations; units serving away from regular headquarter inspections would doubtless take less care over preserving a 'regulation' appearance than those under regular scrutiny.



Officer of Light Dragoons, c. 1801.


The 1798 Uniform: Light Dragoons

The 1798 Light Dragoon uniform was similar in cut and equipment to that of the Cuirassiers, thje colouring and lack of a cuirass being the most obvious differences. The helmet was identical, but the coat was made of dark green cloth, with a 5cm standing collar, which like the cuffas and turnback edging was in the facing-colour. The waistcoat, forage cap and mittens were also dark green; the cartridge box belt was 6cm wide, and all men were armed with carbines with brass fittings. There were slight differences in harnessing, with the saddle girth of black leather and the swecond halter (with forehead strap) always being used by officers, for example the picket stake was like that of the Cuirassiers but of 6.35cm diameter. Officers' distinctions were like those of the Cuirassiers, with the coat and Oberrock of a dark green and the waistcoat white.