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AUSTRIA


Officer of mounted Jagers, 1799-1801; of subaltern rank, he has a green helmet crest and, like the ordinary Jager officers, the helmet has no plate but seperate letters 'F.II' in gilded brass on the front.
(Print Published by: Tranquillo Mollo)

Background

The Infantry

The Artillery

Organisation & Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards


Dragoons or Chevauxlegers, campaign dress, c.1803, wearing the 1798 helmet (note the large size of the Feldzeichen), with picket stake and net of forage carried upon the saddle.
(Print after R. von Ottenfeld)

The Cavalry

German Cavalry uniform after 1801

One of the most confusing aspects of Austrian military uniform resulted from the 1801 re-organisation, when the Light Dragoons were again split into Dragoons and Chevauxlegers. By an order on the 19th of December the Dragoons were instructed to revert to white uniforms, and the Chevauxlegers to continue to wear the the green of the Light Dragoons. With existing uniforms allowed to wear out before the the new styles were adopted, it is doubtful that the 1798 uniform had been adopted universally. As late as the 1805 campaign it was not unusual to find Dragoons still in green, and Chevauxleger regiments in white. Despite the order that they should wear green, it seems that some Chevauxleger regiments may, like the Dragoons, have adopted the white uniform in 1801, for on the 27th of January 1805 an order was issued allowing the first two Chevauxleger regiments , plus the 4th as a mark of their heritage as the green-clad La Tour regiment to wear green officially, the remaining Chevauxlegers continuing to wear white. (Given the parsimony of the Austrian authorities, the fact that green uniforms were 20 per cent more expensive than white may well have been a significant factor in the determining the uniform-colour of the three white-clad Chevauxleger regiments!) As a result confusion existed, and it was difficult to distinguish a white Dragoon from a white Chevauxleger, the only way being the colour of the buttons and the light cavalry bridle used by the Chevauxlegers.

The following new facing colours were decreed on the 1st of December 1801, buttons being white for all Dragoons and yellow for all Chevauxlegers (although the 2nd regiment had white):



Dragoons

No.1 black
No.2 dark blue
No.3 pompadour (dark red)
No.4 poppy red
No.5 dark green
No.6 light blue



Chevauxlegers

No.1 pompadour (dark red)
No.2 dark green
No.3 poppy red
No.4 dark blue
No. 5 Light blue
No.6 black



The situation became clearer once the early clothing had worn, with white coats being worn by all except the 1st, 2nd and 4th Chevauxlegers, who wore dark green. The 7th Chevauxlegers, formed in Italy in1814, wore green with crimson facings and white buttons.

Minor adjustments still occurred, however, after the 1801 regulations. The coat was re-styled slightly, the turnbacks becoming neater; in 1802 the Roquelor took on an improved cut, with collar patch removed, and changes were made in the cut of the overalls.