Uhlan, 1796: yellow-topped cap with fur headband, black plume with yellow base; dark green coat faced red; green waistcoat; white breeches with black and yellow braid. White sheepskin over over red shabraque and valise; white roll beneath front of shabraque. Note the bundle of forage carried at the front of the shabraque.
(Print by: R. von Ottenfeld)
Organisation & Tactics
Arms & Equipment
Flags & Standards
Uhlan, circa: 1798-1805: Yellow cap with black leather lower portion (1st Regt.), black over yellow plume, yellow cords; green jacket faced red; green overalls with red stripes down outer seam; yellow girdle with black stripes. Black sheepskin with red cloth edges; red shabraque with black and yellow lace. Black over yellow pennon.
(Print after R. von Ottenfeld)
All hussars continued to wear the dolman, sabretache and leather amunition pouch. The hussar horse-furniture comprised the regulation leather saddle set on a horse-blanket, with a pair of pistol holsters, cloak or greatcoat strapped across the pommel, and the water-bottle and spare blanket attached to the cantle. The whole was covered by the coloured shabraque and a lamb's wool pelt, being secured by a leather surcingle strapped over pelt, shabraque, saddle and girth. The carbine shoulder-strap fitted with a metal swivel, continued in use.
Emperor Joseph II ordered the creation of a 'pulk' (corps) of light cavalry armed with the lance (the traditional Polish weapon) after the acquisition of the Polish provinces. Only under Leopold II, however were the existing 'divisions' unified into a regiment in 1791. Initially, the Uhlan (lancer) corps was organised in Polish style, the two 'flank divisions' (Flugeldivision) armed with the lance and the other two with a short carbine, the intention being that while the central 'divisions' delivered an attack, the others would disorder the enemy by skirmishing on the flanks.
From the beginning the Uhlans wore Polish-style uniform, including the square-topped czapka cap (initially lower and peakless like the Polish konferederatka), and a shorter-tailed jacket with open lapels; initially the uniform was grass green with poppy red facings, yellow buttons, white breeches, green waistcoat, yellow czapka and yellow and black lance pennon. The uniform soon changed to 'steel green' and later to an even darker shade.
1. Trooper Schwarzenberg Uhlans, (circa - 1815);2. Landwehr infantryman, (circa 1809); 3.Officer of Kronprinz Ferdinand Cuirassiers, (circa - 1815); 4.Jager infantryman, (circa 1809); 5. Lichtenstein Hussar trooper, (circa - 1813-15).
The 2nd Regiment was formed in April 1798 from Degelmann's Frei-Corps. The uniform at this date included a steel green Polish jacket kurta with red standing collar, lapes closed to the waist forming a 'plastron' front, round cuffs and turnbacks at the front of the jacket only, and a black and yellow epaulette on the right shoulder (although some contemporary illustrations show a green shoulder strap, piped red). Also worn, a green sleeved waistcoat, green overall trousers with a double red stripe down the outer seam, with black reinforcing at the cuffs, and a yellow girdle with two black stripes. The re-styled czapka had a black leather lower portion replacing the previous fur head-band, a black leather peak, and a cloth upper section with a square top in the regimental colours, yellow (1st Regt.) and grass green__later dark green (2nd Regt.). There was a black over yellow feather at the left front, and mixed black and yellowcords suspended around the cap. Short boots with spurs plugged in, were worn under the overalls.
Belts were as for Hussars, without the sabertache and with a belt loop to carry a pistol when dismounted. he two middle 'divisions' had short carbines; sabres in the style of the Hussars; and a lance with a shaft length of 241cm and a 21cm blade. The pennon is shown as either black over yellow, or black over yellow with a narrow yellow over black horizontal stripe in the centre (*See example below). They wore a white Roquelor like the 'German' cavalry, and their hair was worn in the Polish style, without a 'queue' but with a moustache (including officers).