Uhlan,1800. This engraving after W. von Kobell shows the 1798 regulation czapka apparently worn with the pre-1798 coat with lapels open to reveal the waistcoat. Note that the czapka plume appears to rise from a pompom, as worn by Hussars; and that the peak is worn over the right eye, so that the 'side' of the square-topped cap is face-on.
(Print by: W. von Kobell)
Organisation & Tactics
Arms & Equipment
Flags & Standards
Uhlan, circa: 1809 campaign dress.
(Print by: Mansfeld after Kininger)
Uhlans - (Cont'd)
The epaulette strap had gold edges and the inner third was black, with gold bullions less than 5cm long. The dark green trowsers had two red stripes, although 'mixed-grey' overalls wee also worn on campaign, over calf-length boots; their waistcoat was straw yellow (or gold) silk, with gilt clasps; field officers had gold rank lace, 2.5cm wide on the cuffs, and an additional 1.25cm on the czapka. Their pouch and belt (5cm wide) was the same as Hussar officers, the pouch had a silver face; and the sword belt was of black leather with gold trim, and of black and gold stripes with gilt fittings for field officers. Sabres were in the hussar style, with a 'German' cavalry knot. They also were white Roquelor like the 'German' cavalry, and instead of the Oberrock or 'Spencer', Uhlan officers had a dark green, long kurta with red facings in the form of the ordinary uniform. Horse furniture was the same as for the Hussar officers__but the shabraque with rounded rear corners.
Austrian Uhlan (circa1815), green uniform faced red, green overalls and czapka with yellow top and the national black-over-yellow plume.
(Print after R. von Ottenfeld)
There existed no mounted version of the Landwehr (militia), but from the 'Hungarian' areas of the empire there were hussar units of the Insurrection (the semi-feudal levy authoprised by the Hungarian Diet parliament __in place of the Landwehr). These units were not the same calibre as the regulars, although they formed a considerable proportion of the mounted arm of the Austrian army; at Wagram, for example, the Insurrectio supplied 12 out of 150 1/2 squadrons engaged__almost 8 percent. Two regiments broke in the face of a French attack at Aspern-Essling, causing the adjoining Infantry Regt. No. 15 to waver, and providing the Austrian army with one of its most durable images, when the Archduke Charles reputedly seized the Colours and led the regiment forward in person. (The truth of this is doubtful; as the Archduke remarked, 'You know how heavy the Colours are. Do you really believe that a little old chap like me could have gone off with them?). Insurrectio hussars again broke at Rab, Archduke John blamed them for his defeat, saying that they 'neither could ride nor manoeuvre', although they were probably a scapegoat for his own failings.