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PRUSSIA


Train Driver, wearing the
cuff-less "Trainjacke" and
and with the variously coloured
cockade on the front of the
shako.


"Krakentrager" (stretcher-bearer)
dressed in a plain grey uniform
with dark blue facings.

Background

The Cavalry

The Artillery

Organisation &Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards

Bibliography & Sources


Battalion Medical Officer,
(6th I.R.). Dressed in a dark blue Kollet
with red piping and coat-tail turnbacks.
Dark blue cap piped with red.
Grey overalls. Yellow metal
metal buttons.


Company Medical Officer
(22nd I.R. 1815). Dark blue
Kollet piped in crimson; white
shoulder straps. cap covered
with weatherproof waxed cover.
Blackened leather equipment.

The Army

The Infantry - Engineers & Support - (Cont'd)

The Organization and Uniforms of the Train

The term "Train" was used to describe an organization which provided all of the services to the Army, other than the purely military and medical requirements supplied by the Engineer Corps and the Medical services. Thus it will be realized that the Prussian Train fulfilled a multitude of roles ranging from the running of horse depots, through to the baking of the army's bread.

Each of the peace-time brigades had a small commisariat attached to it, but the strength of the train lay in its four permanent train depots. When in the Field, the train provided the Truppentrain and the Mobilen Kolonnen. The former were small detachments that were seconded to other formations to drive regimental transport etc. and the latter were the mobile train columns which contained an assortment of detachments for the Medical service, supply units, field bakeries, post offices and so on.

the Uniform of the train included a dark blue "Trainjacke". This was like a Kollet, but with plain , unfaced cuffs. The cuff was slashed at the rear and was fastened by a single buton. The coat-tail turnbacks were dark blue, the buttons tin, the shoulder straps scarlet and the collar pale blue. Mounted train personnel wore cavalry overalls but ordinary grey trousers and black gaiters were worn if their duties were performed dismounted. Their head-dress was a Fusilier shako, but instead of the black and white Prussian cockade, a cockade of a different type was worn. By its colour, this cockade indicated the branch of the train to which the wearer belonged:

Backern (Bakeries) - Light Blue
Proviantross (Drivers) - Dark blue
Pferdedepot (Horse depots - Dark blue
Kriegs-Kommissariat (War Commisariat) - Bright Red
Feld-Krigs-Kasse (Field cashier) - Bright green
Proviantamtern (Provision depots) - Lemon yellow
Feld Lazaretten (Field hospitals - Blood red
Feldpost (Field post) - Orange

The field messengers Feld-Postillone also wore a blue and orange, feather plume.

After the 1813 Campaign, the normal black and white cockade replaced these destinctions.

The Truppentrain wore a similar uniform, but with the collar and shoulder straps in the colours of the regiment to which they were attached.

Dismounted train personnel were armed with a carbine, a black leather cartridge pouch being carried on the black shoulder belt. Mounted men carried a sabre on a black waistbelt.


(A)Driver, of the Mobile Columns Train, (c.1813) (B) Krankentrager (stretcher bearer) (c.1815)
by: Jack Cassin-Scott & Mike Chappell



The Organization and Uniforms of the Medical Service

The medical service of the army was dependent upon the train for its mobility but, nonetheless, had its own organization. Medical officers were attached to each regiment, battalion, squadron and company of the army and there also existed two types of field hospital; the Hauptlazarett with accomodation for 1,200 patients, and the mobile Fliegendes Lazarett with space for 200. These hospitals had their own staffs of medical officers and stretcher bearers, the Krankentrager.

Medical officers wore an infantry type style of uniform with swedish cuffs. The facings were dark blue piped in red and the buttons were gold. Their shakos had silver hangings and the Prussian pom-pon ansd cockade. Although this basic uniform was adhered to throughout the campaigns of 1813-15, there were considerable variations by officers attached to Reserve and Landwehr units, the Schirmutze often being worn instead of the shako. The Krankentrager wore a grey Schirmutze, Litewka and breeches. The cap band, collar and shoulder straps were coloured dark blue, the gaiters black. A sword on a black belt was worn over the right shoulder.


General Scharnhorst, mortally wounded at Grossgorschen (May 2nd, 1813), is carried from the field. From a painting by: Rochling in the Museum of Military History at Lutzen.