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PRUSSIA


Officer of Hussar
Regiment von Zieten
No. 2. - c.1779


Officer of Hussar
Regiment von Czettritz
No. 1 - c.1779


Officer of Hussar
Regiment von Rosenbusch
No. 3 - c.1779

The Infantry

The Artillery

Organisation &Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards

Bibliography & Sources


Hussar Trooper from
Regiment von Zieten
No. 2 - c.1779


Hussar Trooper from
Regiment von Czettritz
No. 1 - c.1779


Hussar Trooper from
Regiment von Rosenbusch
No. 3 - c.1779

The Cavalry

Pre-1806

The Bosniak Lancers

These troops were formed from existing Hussar regiments and eventually reached a strength of ten squadrons being designated the 10th Hussar Regiment Bosniakens in 1806. This was the only regular unit in the Prussian army to carry the lance. Regimental strength was approximately 1,150 later in 1806 it increased to 1,251 officers and men. The fur busby was brown, the plume white, the flounders and cords being in the squadron colour. Both the Dolman and trousers were red, all piping was white, bootsblack leather. Leather patches were worn on the inside of each leg; these were brown. A white leather bandolier was carried over the left shoulder and this normally supported a pistol rather than a carbine. The sword strap cartouche belt and cartouche were black leather, the sword scabbard was also black with brass fittings. The waist sash was red. The lance was banded red and black for the men and all white for the officers. The lance pennons were in the squadron colours as follows:

white
crimson
black
red
green over white
green
green over red
white over red
black over yellow
and orange.

NCO's pennons were black over white. The NCOs were further distinguished by the silver lacing on the cuffs. The shabraque was black vandyked in red; the vandyking and the outer edge of the shabraque was piped white. Officers were distinguished by silver Hussar style frogging on the Dolman, and silver piping on the waist sash.



The Hussars

Initially there were Nine Hussar regiments each regiment had 10 squadrons and a field strength of 1,543. In 1806 a tenth regiment was added (ex-Bosniaks the Towarczy or lancer regiment) of ten squadrons totalling 1,251, plus later in 1806 the independent Hussar battalion (the 11th Hussars) of five squadrons. They wore braided Dolmans, pelisse, overalls or white breeches and a busby (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 9th regiments) and a black Mirlitron with yellow or white lace trim (a white skull and crossed bones badge for the 5th); Busbies were withdrawn for all but the 2nd in 1796, and from 1804 shakos were introduced but were not universal by 1806; with plumes coloured like those of the Cuirassiers detailed on the previous pages. Regimental details were:

Dolmans

light-green (1st Regiment, dark-green from 1800)
scarlet (2nd Regiment)
white (3rd Regiment, then, dark blue from 1800)
light-blue (4th Regiment)
black (5th Regiment)
brown (6th Regiment)
lemon-yellow (7th Regiment)
dark-crimson red (8th Regiment)
dark-blue (10th Regiment from 1803)
dark blue (11th Regiment, then dark-green from 1806)

The Pelisse

Was coloured as the Dolman except for:
1st & 11th Regiments - (dark-green)
2nd, 3rd and 10th Regiments - (dark-blue)
7th Regiment - (light-blue)

Braid and Buttons

All were white except for the:
3rd and 6th Regiments - (yellow)
4th Regiment - (blue and white braid, silver for officer's)
10th Regiment - (red and white braid pre 1803)
11th Regiment - (red and white braid, NCOs white, officers' silver pre-1806, then yellow)
Officers' braid for the 2nd Regiment was gold.

Collar and Cuffs of the Dolman

dark-green (1st Regiment, pre-1800, 11th Regiment pre-1806)
dark-blue ((2nd Regiment and 10th Regiment pre-1803)
red (1st Regiment and 4th Regiment post-1800, 5th Regiment and 11th Regiment post 1806)
yellow (3rd, 6th and 10th Regiments post-1803)
light-blue (4th Regiment pre-1800, and the 7th Regiment)
black (8th Regiment)

Sashes

Were in the facing-colour except for:
8th and 11th Regiments - red
10th Regiment - crimson
with barrels in the button colour except for:
3rd, 4th, 6th and 11th Regiments - white
10th Regiment - dark-blue.

Sabretaches

Were in the Dolman colour except for the:
3rd Regiment - yellow
4th Regiment (rank-and-file) - white
5th Regiment's officers - red
7th Regiment - light-blue
8th and 10th Regiments - black
11th regiment - red.
With the lace of the button colour except for:
3rd Regiment - white
4th Regiment - light-blue
5th, 8th and 9th Regiments (none) except for officers which was silver
11th Regiment - white or yellow post-1806.

The 9th Regiment was the Polish Towarczys or nobles with the second and third ranks of troopers. They originally wore a tail-less red jacket with blue facings, white lace and breeches and a white plumed Astrakhan cap, and in winter a dark blue frock-coat with white fur trim. Officers wore fur caps with the usual officers' plume, red or dark blue frock-coat with blue or red facings respectively, and silver Hussar braid. Later the unit wore a dark-blue Kollet with poppy-red facings, white -edged red girdle and a peakless shako; their lance pennons were light-blue over red.