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PRUSSIA


The Brandenburgisches Kurassier Regiment. The regiment was raised after Tilsit from the remains of six heavy cavalry regiments, and fought in the campaigns of 1813 and 1814 at Bautzen, Dresden, Kulm, Leipzig and elsewhere. In full dress a white coatee was worn. On campaign officers wore the blue jacket known as the Leibrock and the men wore a dark-blue Litewka, with scarlet facings. With the white coatee dark blue facings were worn later in 1813 cornflower blue. The saddlecloths are red with yellow trimmings.

By: Richard Knotel

The Infantry

The Artillery

Organisation &Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards

Bibliography & Sources


Trooper of the Garde du Korps
Regiment, 1809. Shown in full-dress with white uniform, red facings and grey overalls.

From a drawing by: I. Wolf,
engragved by: F. Jugel

The Cavalry

Post 1806

Organization - (Cont'd)


Saddlecloths - (A) Square cut saddlecloth of the Kurassier Regiments. In this case the Guard Star is embroidered on the holsters indicating that the unit is the Garde du Corps. In front of the holsters is a rolled greatcoat and at the rear, hanging below the valise, is a forage bag. (B) Lambskin shabraque used by most of the Light Cavalry regiments. The triangular cloth trim is cut in the pattern of wolf's teeth. (C) Saddlecloth used by the Hussars and some of the National Cavalry Regiments. It was unusual for this pattern to be used in the field, normally it was replaced by Type B. (D) Dragoon and Uhlan saddlecloth. These were coloured as for the tunics, being edged in facing colour. Below the valise is a strapped package carrying spare horse shoes and nails.

The Uniforms of the Kurassier Regiments

The four Kurassier Regiments wore a white Kollet. This item was similar to the Kollet worn by the infantry, but differed in that the lower front edge and the tails were trimmed with thick braiding. This braid as well as the collars, cuffs and shoulder strap piping was in the regimental colours. The buttons were made of white or yellow metal. The Garde du Corps had white Litzen on their collars and cuffs. See Table 18 below for Regimental facings and button colours:



The distinctive Kurassier, head-dress was a heavy leather helmet. To this was affixed a tufted hair crest and it was mounted with brass front plate and chin scales. On the plate was borne an heraldic Prussian eagle for the 1st, 2nd and 4th Regiments, whilst the Garde du Korps bore the Guard Star.

The Kurassier Regiments, in common with the other cavalry regiments, wore the typical dark grey Prussian overalls. They buttoned up down the sides and were lined and cuffed in leather.

For campaign and foul weather wear, a dark blue Litewka was issued to all other ranks. This garment had two rows of buttons, with six each, on the front; into the rear of the skirts were set two pockets that were closed by buttoned, vertical flaps. The collar was normally coloured in regimental colour, but the Brandenburgisches Kurassier Regiment, whose dark blue facings would not show up on the Litewka had scarlet; even when the regimental facings were changed these scarlet Litewka facings were retained.