Above - Clothing and Equipment of the Hussars and Uhlans: (a) 1808 pattern Czapska, modelled after the Austrian Uhlan cap. It is here shown with mixed black and white cords. (b) Hussar feather plume above the Prussian pom-pon. (c) Hussar pattern shako with leather "Stegen" (chin-strap). (d) Deathshead of the "Leib-Hussaren-Regiments" (i) Cloth "Totenkopf" worn up to 1809 (ii) Tin "Totenkopf" worn after 1809. (e) Cavalry Kollet with the Polish cuffs and the girdle worn by the Ulanen Regiments. (f) Hussar's dolman, other ranks' pattern (g) Pelisse, other rank's pattern, showing lace detail. (h) Dolman, other ranks' pattern rear view (j) Leib Hussar dolman detail, showing the cloth shoulder strap worn by both regiments. (k) Austrian style lancer tunic worn by the "Leib-Ulanen-Eskadron" 1808-10. (m) Rear detail of figure j. (n) Light cavalry armament; (i) Sabre (ii) Carbine carried by the Hussars (iii) Pistol, carried in the holsters at the front of the saddle, underneath the saddlecloth.
The Uniforms of the Uhlans
Uhlan uniforms were characterized by certain distinctions that were later to become symbolic of the German lancer. These distinctions did not, however, initially include the almost universal lancer cap. the Polish Czapska. It was only upon the formation of the Leib-Ulanen-Eskadron that this head-dress was adopted and then only by that unit.
The uniform consisted of a dark blue cavalry-pattern Kollet, with the high collar, cuffs, piping and tail trimmings in scarlet. The cuffs were in Polish style, being set with a button in the point. On the front of the Kollet were two rows, each of eight yellow metal buttons. The regiments were distinguished by differently coloured shoulder straps. See Table: 22 below:
When the Leib-Ulanen-Eskadron was formed in 1808, it was dressed in a uniform patterned on the Austrian Lancer style. The tunic was dark blue with red facings and was unusual in that the lapels were reversible, the red inside being exposed for parade dress. This tunic was fitted with white woolen-fringed epaulettes.
On March 6th, 1810, the Leib-Ulanen were renamed the Garde-Ulanen-Eskadron. At the same time they adopted the Kollet of the Line Uhlan Regiments, as noted above. With this dress, they wore yellow Litzen on their collars and cuffs and instead of shoulder straps, a new epaulette was introduced which had a white top, scarlet underside and a metal crescent at its end.
Around their waist, the Ulanen wore a dark blue and red girdle. Leg wear was the normal grey Prussian cavalry overalls.
The three Line regiments wore a shako fitted with a Prussian pom-pon and cockade, the latter being secured by a white, buttoned loop which came from directly below the pom-pon. To the shako could be attached yellow woolen cords and cap lines and a black feather plume was worn as part of the parade dress.