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PRUSSIA

Main Contents Page

The Infantry

The Cavalry

Organisation &Tactics

Arms & Equipment

Flags & Standards

Bibliography & Sources

PRUSSIAN ARTILLERY

Organization

Under the re-organization of 1808, the artillery was formed into three Brigades: (1st) Prussian, (2nd) Silesian and (3rd) Brandenburg. At this early stage, all of the Brigades were on a reduced establishment but the intention of the reorganizers was that each should achieve a strength of 12 foot and 3 horse companies, this intention being realized in 1809. Each Brigade also had one Handwerker company on its strength, their task being to repair and maintain the various pieces of artillery equipment. All Guard Artillery units were subordinate to the Brandenburg Brigade.

All companies consisted of eight pieces of artillery, 6 cannon and 2 howitzers and they were sub-divided into 4 sections. The different types of company were numbered within their own consecutive sequences, irrespective of the parent brigades.

There were 4 principal types of ordonance in use, a 12 pdr. cannon, which required a crew of 13; a 6 pdr. cannon with a crew of 9; and 2 types of howitzer, the 7 pdr. and the 10 pdr. with crew requirements of 12 and 15 men respectively. Mobility for a 12 pdr. was provided by an 8 horse team, whilst a 6 pdr. needed a team of 6 horses. The ehavier cannon and howitzers were grouped into 12 pdr. companies, whilst the lighter pieces were in the 6 pdr. foot and horse units. The Horse Artillery differed in that they had an increased establishment of riding horses to enable the gun crews to keep up with the fairly rapid movements of the gun teams. The total complement of men and officers of the three types of units was 116 for a 6 pdr. Horse company; 132 for the 6 pdr. Foot and 184 for the 12 pdr. formations.


Prussian 6 pdr. dun and carriage, with trail chest.


During the expansion of 1813, the practice of mixing guns and howitzers was not rigidly adhered to. Many companies, of all calibres, consisted of only cannon, whilst at the same time, the first and only howitzer company was formed. Simultaneously, there was a large increase in the number of types of ordonance employed, although the increase was mainly restricted to fixed pieces in permanent positions. Finally, the term 'Battery' was introduced to replace the slightly misleading one of 'company'.