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PRUSSIA


Gunner, Foot Artillery c.1815

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NCO., Horse Artillery c.1815


NCO., Guard Foot Artillery c.1815

PRUSSIAN ARTILLERY

The Uniforms of the Artillery - (Cont'd)

Leg-wear conformed to the standard patterns used by the foot and horsed branches of the army; that is, either grey trousers and black gaiters or leather lined cavalry overalls. NCOs of foot companies tended to wear leather marching boots and the entire Guard Foot Company was thus shod after 1812.

Foot Artillery men were essentially equipped as infantrymen, the gunners carrying a musket and the NCOs a short carbine fitted with a bayonet. All belts and straps were made of blackened leather. The cartridge box was decorated with either a brass, three flamed grenade, or a Guard Star, fitted onto the flap. Sword knots were as for infantry companies, seniority being thus indicated within each Brigade. The Handwerker companies were designated as '13th Comapnies' and as such, were given an all-black Troddel.



Artillery, 1808-15: (A) Foot Artilleryman, parade dress. The three-flamed grenade can be be clearly seen on the front of the shako; (B) Horse Artilleryman, campaign dress. Wearing a cavalry style of dress and armed with a sabre; (C) Guard Foot Artilleryman, parade dress. Note the Swedish cuffs, the collar and cuff Litzen, the marching boots and the cavalry style cartridge pouch on the shoulder belt. The shako Busch is not shown; (D) Guard Artillery officer, in campaign dress.


Horse gunners were armed with a sabre suspended from a waist belt. A black cartridge pouch was carried on a belt over the left shoulder; both these belts were made of whitened leather. Cavalry Faustriemen were carried attached to the sword hilt.

The style of dress effected by officers was similar to that of the infantry or dragoons, but with the distinctive artillery colouring noted above. When a collar or cuff was coloured black it was faced with black velvet. On the front of their shakos, officers wore the three-flamed grenade, but in its centre, was embossed a Royal cypher. The Uberrock was coloured grey for the foot artillery and dark blue for the mounted branch, both with black velvet collars and, after 1814, red piping.

Artillery saddle cloths were rounded at both ends, in the dragoon style. They were edged in red and in the case of officer's saddle cloth, the edging took the form of five narrow red lines. Guard officers had a golden star in the four corners of their cloths.

Note: From 1813 to 1814 the Foot Artillery after the mobilization had no muskets; only the "Wagengefreite" (supply wagon leaders & corporals had bayonet-carbines). After the armistice the Foot Artillery was mounted on horseback of the pack horses and on limbers, this was so since mobilization, but by the Spring & Summer the men had to train in riding.

Guard Artillery