Prussia: Line infantry pre-1806 pattern; Type "A"
Prussia: Line infantry pre-1806 pattern; Type "B"
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Prussia: Line infantry pre-1806 pattern; Type "C"
Prussia: Line infantry pre-1806 pattern; Type "D" unique to I.R.
Prussian Flags & Standards
The Infantry Standards
Any study of the flags of the Prussian Army is puctuated by that army's disastrous defeat of 1806 at the hands of the French under Napoleon, and its radical reorganization which followed in 1807. Until 1806 the regiments carried flags which conformed to patterns laid down during the reign of Frederick the Great and we will therefore deal with this era as a seperate entity.
Prior to 1807 each infantry regiment had two flags per battalion, the first flag of the 1st Battalion being the Leibfahne, the battalion's second flag and both flags of the 2nd battalion being Regimentersfahnen. The basic design of all infantry flags of this period is illustrated in the figure at top left ("Type A"). Regimental distinction was by colour but obviously only a limited number of regiments could be distinguished thus, and therefore a series of crosses were superimposed on the basic pattern to give a greater number of variations. These crosses were the keilenkreuz shown second from top to the left ("Type B") which obscured most of the field so that it showed only in the form of 'corner rays'; the flamenkreuz show below left ("Type C") and the combination of flamenkreuz and keilenkreuz show bottom left ("Type D") unique only to the 32nd Infantry Regiment.
The Johanniterkreuz shown top left of the next page ("Type E") unique only to 19th Infantry Regiment; the keilenkreuz with wavy edges, shown top left below ("Type F") carried only by the 18th and 56th Infantry Regiment; a plain narrow cross bottom of next page ("Type G") and a cross with curved sides show at the bottom left of the next page ("Type H"). Other variants of the basic patter are shown on the 3rd page top and bottom ("Types I, J, & Figure 2").
In al lcases the eagle was black with a gold beak, crown, claws, sword hilt and lightning, and a silver sword blade. The scroll above the eagle was usually in the field colour and the inner bottomedge of the central corner crowns was red with the field colour showing through the arches of the crowns. Full details of the colour variations for field, crosses, cyphers and wreaths are listed in the Tables A, B, C & D.